Laravel框架数据库CURD操作、连贯操作总结

Laravel框架数据库CURD操作、连贯操作总结

一、Selects

检索表中的所有行

 代码如下:

$users = DB::table('users')->get();
foreach ($users as $user)
{
var_dump($user->name);
}

从表检索单个行

 代码如下:

$user = DB::table('users')->where('name', 'John')->first();
var_dump($user->name);

检索单个列的行

 代码如下:

$name = DB::table('users')->where('name', 'John')->pluck('name');

检索一个列值列表

 代码如下:

$roles = DB::table('roles')->lists('title');

该方法将返回一个数组标题的作用。你也可以指定一个自定义的键列返回的数组

 代码如下:

$roles = DB::table('roles')->lists('title', 'name');

指定一个Select子句

 代码如下:

$users = DB::table('users')->select('name', 'email')->get();
$users = DB::table('users')->distinct()->get();
$users = DB::table('users')->select('name as user_name')->get();

Select子句添加到一个现有的查询$query = DB::table('users')->select('name');

 代码如下:

$users = $query->addSelect('age')->get();

where

 代码如下:

$users = DB::table('users')->where('votes', '>', 100)->get();

OR

 代码如下:

$users = DB::table('users')->where('votes', '>', 100)->orWhere('name', 'John')->get();

Where Between

 代码如下:

$users = DB::table('users')->whereBetween('votes', array(1, 100))->get();

Where Not Between

 代码如下:

$users = DB::table('users')->whereNotBetween('votes', array(1, 100))->get();

Where In With An Array

 代码如下:

$users = DB::table('users')->whereIn('id', array(1, 2, 3))->get();
$users = DB::table('users')->whereNotIn('id', array(1, 2, 3))->get();

Using Where Null To Find Records With Unset Values

 代码如下:

$users = DB::table('users')->whereNull('updated_at')->get();

Order By, Group By, And Having

 代码如下:

$users = DB::table('users')->orderBy('name', 'desc')
->groupBy('count')
->having('count', '>', 100)
->get();

Offset & Limit

 代码如下:

$users = DB::table('users')->skip(10)->take(5)->get();

二、连接

Joins

查询构建器也可以用来编写连接语句。看看下面的例子:

Basic Join Statement

 代码如下:

DB::table('users')
  ->join('contacts', 'users.id', '=', 'contacts.user_id')
  ->join('orders', 'users.id', '=', 'orders.user_id')
  ->select('users.id', 'contacts.phone', 'orders.price')
  ->get();

左连接语句

 代码如下:

DB::table('users')
  ->leftJoin('posts', 'users.id', '=', 'posts.user_id')
  ->get();
DB::table('users')
  ->join('contacts', function($join)
  {
  $join->on('users.id', '=', 'contacts.user_id')->orOn(...);
  })
  ->get();
DB::table('users')
  ->join('contacts', function($join)
  {
  $join->on('users.id', '=', 'contacts.user_id')
  ->where('contacts.user_id', '>', 5);
  })
  ->get();

三、分组

有时候,您可能需要创建更高级的where子句,如“存在”或嵌套参数分组。Laravel query builder可以处理这些:

 代码如下:

DB::table('users')
->where('name', '=', 'John')
->orWhere(function($query)
{
$query->where('votes', '>', 100)
->where('title', '<>', 'Admin');
})
->get();

  上面的查询将产生以下SQL:

 代码如下:

select * from users where name = 'John' or (votes > 100 and title <> 'Admin')
Exists Statements
DB::table('users')
->whereExists(function($query)
{
$query->select(DB::raw(1))
->from('orders')
->whereRaw('orders.user_id = users.id');
})
->get();

上面的查询将产生以下SQL:

 代码如下:

select * from userswhere exists (
select 1 from orders where orders.user_id = users.id
)

四、聚合

查询构建器还提供了各种聚合方法,如统计,马克斯,min,avg和总和。

Using Aggregate Methods

 代码如下:

$users = DB::table('users')->count();
$price = DB::table('orders')->max('price');
$price = DB::table('orders')->min('price');
$price = DB::table('orders')->avg('price');
$total = DB::table('users')->sum('votes');

Raw Expressions

有时您可能需要使用一个原始表达式的查询。这些表达式将注入的查询字符串,所以小心不要创建任何SQL注入点!创建一个原始表达式,可以使用DB:rawmethod:

Using A Raw Expression

 代码如下:

$users = DB::table('users')
->select(DB::raw('count(*) as user_count, status'))
->where('status', '<>', 1)
->groupBy('status')
->get();

递增或递减一个列的值

 代码如下:

DB::table('users')->increment('votes');
DB::table('users')->increment('votes', 5);
DB::table('users')->decrement('votes');
DB::table('users')->decrement('votes', 5);

您还可以指定额外的列更新:

 代码如下:

DB::table('users')->increment('votes', 1, array('name' => 'John'));

Inserts

将记录插入表

 代码如下:

DB::table('users')->insert(
array('email' => 'john@example.com', 'votes' => 0)
);

将记录插入表自动增加的ID

如果表,有一个自动递增的id字段使用insertGetId插入一个记录和检索id:

 代码如下:

$id = DB::table('users')->insertGetId(
array('email' => 'john@example.com', 'votes' => 0)
);

注意:当使用PostgreSQL insertGetId方法预计,自增列被命名为“id”。

多个记录插入到表中

 代码如下:

DB::table('users')->insert(array(
array('email' => 'taylor@example.com', 'votes' => 0),
array('email' => 'dayle@example.com', 'votes' => 0),
));

五、Updates

更新一个表中的记录

 代码如下:

DB::table('users')
->where('id', 1)
->update(array('votes' => 1));

六、Deletes

删除表中的记录

 代码如下:

DB::table('users')->where('votes', '<', 100)->delete();

删除表中的所有记录

 代码如下:

DB::table('users')->delete();

删除一个表

 代码如下:

DB::table('users')->truncate();

七、Unions

查询构建器还提供了一种快速的方法来“联盟”两个查询:

 代码如下:

$first = DB::table('users')->whereNull('first_name');
$users =DB::table('users')->whereNull('last_name')->union($first)->get();

unionAll方法也可以,有相同的方法签名。

Pessimistic Locking

查询构建器包括一些“悲观锁定”功能来帮助你做你的SELECT语句。  运行SELECT语句“共享锁”,你可以使用sharedLock方法查询:

 代码如下:

DB::table('users')->where('votes', '>',100)->sharedLock()->get();

更新“锁”在一个SELECT语句,您可以使用lockForUpdate方法查询:

 代码如下:

DB::table('users')->where('votes', '>', 100)->lockForUpdate()->get();

八、缓存查询

你可以轻松地缓存查询的结果使用记忆法:

 代码如下:

$users = DB::table('users')->remember(10)->get();

在本例中,查询的结果将为十分钟被缓存。查询结果缓存时,不会对数据库运行,结果将从默认的缓存加载驱动程序指定您的应用程序。  如果您使用的是支持缓存的司机,还可以添加标签来缓存:

 代码如下:

$users = DB::table('users')->cacheTags(array('people', 'authors'))->remember(10)->get();


以上就是laravel中DB常用的CURD操作,如果你想对laravel有更为深入的了解,欢迎阅读 laravel框架管理员动态权限的实现

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  2. at HandleExceptions->handleError('2', 'file_put_contents(): Only 0 of 269 bytes written, possibly out of free disk space', '/data/home/qxu1649280102/htdocs/local/vendor/laravel/framework/src/Illuminate/Filesystem/Filesystem.php', '81', array('path' => '/data/home/qxu1649280102/htdocs/local/storage/framework/sessions/084f744ea08cef886edc24683eed04df5a71fb9e', 'contents' => 'a:4:{s:6:"_token";s:40:"3KgzmxHT72qgpersWE21lqdIqwo7L5uEHXWLsc8M";s:9:"_previous";a:1:{s:3:"url";s:32:"http://icodes.cc/view/1490596636";}s:9:"_sf2_meta";a:3:{s:1:"u";i:1542826053;s:1:"c";i:1542826053;s:1:"l";s:1:"0";}s:5:"flash";a:2:{s:3:"old";a:0:{}s:3:"new";a:0:{}}}', 'lock' => true))
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