Laravel框架管理员动态权限的实现

Laravel框架管理员动态权限的实现

实现laravel框架管理员动态权限,首先需要建立用户组表(也称角色表),如下图:


group.png


然后,用户表里添加gid字段,即用户组表的id


user.png


这样,每个用户就和用户组关联了,接下来创建权限表,权限即路由规则,把每个路由规则都写进该表,如下图:


purview.png


接着,创建用户组的权限节点表,将用户组的ID(gid)与权限表的ID(nid)做映射关系,如下图:


groupnid.png


通过对用户组表和用户组权限节点表以及权限表进行关联查询后我们可以对组的名称和权限进行动态修改,如下图:


xgz.png


添加新的用户组也是非常简单的,就不上图了,

当然,权限表里的路由规则是需要添加才有的,如下图:


tjjd.png


至此,权限可以说是设置好了,接下来就是如何让它生效了,毫无疑问,那就是局部中间件,我们把逻辑写到后台的登录中间件里即可,在此之前当后台用户登录的时候先查询出用户所拥有的权限并写进session,如下:

if(session('user')['gid']!='1'){    //登录用户为非OW组用户时读取并封装权限到session
    $temp=DB::select("select np.route as route from hongri_group_node as gn,hongri_node_purview as np where gn.gid=".session('user')['gid']." and gn.nid=np.id");
    $purview=[];
    foreach($temp as $k=>$v){
        $purview[]=$v['route'];
        if(preg_match('/\/add$/',$v['route'])){
            $purview[]=preg_replace('/\/add$/','/insert',$v['route']);
        }
        if(preg_match('/\/edit$/',$v['route'])){
            $purview[]=preg_replace('/\/edit$/','/update',$v['route']);
        }
    }
    session(['purview'=>$purview]);
}


最后,我们将判断逻辑写进登录中间件:

public function handle($request, Closure $next) {
    if(session('user')['uid'] ){
        if(session('user')['gid']=='1') return $next($request); //OW身份不考虑权限直接通过
        $flag=$_SERVER['REQUEST_URI'];
        if(preg_match('/\/\d+/',$_SERVER['REQUEST_URI'])){ //处理带参数的路由规则
            $flag=preg_replace('/\/\d+/','',$_SERVER['REQUEST_URI']);
        }
            
        if(in_array($flag,session('purview'))){
            return $next($request);
        }else{
            return back()->with('error','没有该权限');
        }
            
    }else{
        return redirect('/login');
    }
}


这样,我们可以通过对组权限进行修改或者将用户更换到指定组达到权限修改的目的,Laravel框架管理员动态权限就实现了!

爱代码站长信徒向您推荐更多关于laravel框架的教程:

laravel控制器加载视图时设置临时缓存

在阿里云虚拟主机上部署laravel

laravel框架数据库CURD操作、连贯操作总结

laravel用参数作为路由规则的一部分

在 Laravel 5 中安装 Intervention Image(GD库)


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  79. #1

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  1. in Filesystem.php line 81
  2. at HandleExceptions->handleError('2', 'file_put_contents(): Only 0 of 269 bytes written, possibly out of free disk space', '/data/home/qxu1649280102/htdocs/local/vendor/laravel/framework/src/Illuminate/Filesystem/Filesystem.php', '81', array('path' => '/data/home/qxu1649280102/htdocs/local/storage/framework/sessions/48921338c1c9d416b1d7369ca579eb162d90b99a', 'contents' => 'a:4:{s:6:"_token";s:40:"62r4wCWSndCUjAwlxbkSlG1PiDMU2alRz3ejEC7D";s:9:"_previous";a:1:{s:3:"url";s:32:"http://icodes.cc/view/1492480220";}s:9:"_sf2_meta";a:3:{s:1:"u";i:1542823687;s:1:"c";i:1542823687;s:1:"l";s:1:"0";}s:5:"flash";a:2:{s:3:"old";a:0:{}s:3:"new";a:0:{}}}', 'lock' => true))
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  4. at Filesystem->put('/data/home/qxu1649280102/htdocs/local/storage/framework/sessions/48921338c1c9d416b1d7369ca579eb162d90b99a', 'a:4:{s:6:"_token";s:40:"62r4wCWSndCUjAwlxbkSlG1PiDMU2alRz3ejEC7D";s:9:"_previous";a:1:{s:3:"url";s:32:"http://icodes.cc/view/1492480220";}s:9:"_sf2_meta";a:3:{s:1:"u";i:1542823687;s:1:"c";i:1542823687;s:1:"l";s:1:"0";}s:5:"flash";a:2:{s:3:"old";a:0:{}s:3:"new";a:0:{}}}', true) in FileSessionHandler.php line 83
  5. at FileSessionHandler->write('48921338c1c9d416b1d7369ca579eb162d90b99a', 'a:4:{s:6:"_token";s:40:"62r4wCWSndCUjAwlxbkSlG1PiDMU2alRz3ejEC7D";s:9:"_previous";a:1:{s:3:"url";s:32:"http://icodes.cc/view/1492480220";}s:9:"_sf2_meta";a:3:{s:1:"u";i:1542823687;s:1:"c";i:1542823687;s:1:"l";s:1:"0";}s:5:"flash";a:2:{s:3:"old";a:0:{}s:3:"new";a:0:{}}}') in Store.php line 262
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